2011-UN Review

Politics, Documentaries, Social Responsibility Movies

2011-UN Review

2011 – Earth’s 7 billionth resident was born into a world of contradiction and change –there could be enough food for all, yet a billion are still hungry. Throughout this year, people around the world were seeking freedom from oppression and better opportunities for themselves and their families.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:

SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
“Seven billion now look to us, the world’s leaders. They need solutions. They demand leadership. They want us to act."


In Libya, Colonel Ghaddafi’s security forces began systematically shooting at peaceful protesters. More than 600.000 people fled the fighting and chaos and Ban Ki-moon urged the international community to ensure the protection of civilians.

SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
“I have spoken out bluntly and repeatedly: The violence must stop.”

In March, the Security Council adopted a resolution with 10 yes and 5 abstentions to take all necessary measures to prevent further attacks and the loss of innocent lives in Libya.
Susan Rice, Permanent Representative of the United States:

SOUNDBITE (English) Ambassador Susan Rice, US Permanent Representative to the UN:
“The Security Council has authorized the use of force, including the enforcement of a no-fly zone, to protect civilians."


Soon NATO began a bombing campaign. UN humanitarian agencies delivered vital supplies to the population.

With casualty numbers rising, Russia’s ambassador Vitaly Churkin voiced his concern:

SOUNDBITE (Russian) Ambassador Vitaly Churkin, Russian Permanent Representative to the UN:
“Any act going beyond the mandate or any disproportionate use of force is unacceptable.”

In October, Libyans greeted the death of the dictator with celebratory gunfire – yet weeks of relentless urban conflict have reduced cities to ruins and hospitals are filled with the wounded. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the president of the General Assembly, Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser, made a historic visit to Libya.

In Syria, pressure was on for President Al-Assad to step down after thousands of people were killed in pro-democracy protests. The General Assembly voted on a resolution condemning Syria for the ongoing violence and called for the government to end all human rights violations.

People in the streets of Ramallah cheered the news that their president Mahmoud Abbas had presented an application for full UN membership to Ban Ki-moon.

SOUNDBITE (Arabic) Mahmoud Abbas, President Palestinian Authority:
“After 63 years of ongoing tragedy – Enough, enough, enough!"


Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu:
SOUNDBITE (English) Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister Israel:
“We have to stop negotiating about the negotiations. Lets just get on with it. Lets negotiate peace.”

Meanwhile on the ground in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, housing demolition for Israeli settlement building continued.
UNESCO granted Palestine full membership, (“The decision is adopted and – hammer!”) to leading the withdrawal of US funding for the organization.

In July, the newborn country of South Sudan became the 193rd Member State of the United Nations. After decades of civil war in Africa’s largest country, the UN helped organize a referendum on unity or separation. At over 100, Rebecca Kadi was one of the oldest voters to take part:
SOUNDBITE (English) Sarah Modi, granddaughter of oldest voter Rebecca Kadi:
“She was telling me, after I vote, if I die I will be very very happy, because I finished everything.”
Over 99% supported separation and on the 9th of July a new country was born.

SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
‘As any newborn, South Sudan needs help. Together, South and North must face their common future as partners, not rivals.”

In 2011, more than 120.000 UN peacekeepers were deployed in 16 missions on 4 continents.

In Liberia’s presidential elections, the UN mission deployed ground troops and increased air patrols to improve security and reassure citizens, as they went to the ballots. Voters turned out undeterred – despite some clashes that prompted the boost in security. President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf was not only re-elected – she was also one of three women activists who were jointly awarded the 2011 Nobel Peace Price.

The arrests of former Cote D’Ivoire President Laurent Gbagbo in April and accused war criminal and former Bosnian Serb military leader Ratko Mladic in May provided further evidence that the era of impunity may come to an end and the rule of international law is here to stay.

Haiti slowly recovered from a major cholera epidemic. One year after the devastating earth quake, 40 % of the 10 million cubic meters of rubble have been removed. The UN Development Program and other UN agencies created jobs in a pilot project to transform some of the debris into gravel to build new homes and schools.
UNICEF brought in supplies – now 140.000 children who have never been enrolled before are going to school.

Thailand has seen the worst flooding in 70 years. Unusually heavy rainfalls left large parts of the country, including the capital Bangkok, inundated.

In Somalia, war and the worst drought in decades uprooted a million and a half people. The World Food Program opened feeding centers bringing relief to millions in desperate need. Executive Director, Josette Sheeran:

SOUNDBITE (English), Josette Sheeran, Executive Director World Food Program:
“It is very dangerous and risky, but we have to reach people.”

Hundreds of thousands Somalis walked for weeks to Kenya – but many did not make it. The Dadaab Refugee camp, the world’s largest, became the third biggest city in Kenya – with almost half a million residents. The UN’s refugee agency UNHCR airlifted thousands of tents to ease the overcrowding.
Famine has spread over Somalia but the consequences of the drought affected the whole Horn of Africa. These farmers lost half of their lifestock and food supplies are running out.

SOUNDBITE (Turkana) Helen Akai, Pastoralist:
“We live on palm nuts, there is nothing more to eat.”

The planet could easily feed 7 billion people, yet millions continue to starve. High and unpredictable food prices affected poor countries the most during the global economic downturn.
25 years after Chernobyl – A tragedy in Japan with multiple consequences. A magnitude 9 earth quake followed by a tsunami seriously damaged the Fukushima nuclear reactor. Dedicated workers prevented a total meltdown, but a large area became contaminated as radiation spread. Experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency urged Japan to secure permanent sites to store the radioactive waste.
SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General:
"Nuclear accidents respect no borders./ We must treat nuclear safety as seriously as we treat nuclear weapons.”

Tensions over Iran’s nuclear ambitions have increased, since the IAEA reported that the country appeared to have worked on the design of a nuclear bomb and may still be doing secret research.

After being unanimously re-elected for a second term in office starting in 2012, Ban Ki-moon declared sustainable development that reduces poverty and preserves the environment as his top priority.

Green economy will be the buzz words for 2012’s Rio+20 Environment Conference in Brazil. 2012 will also be the Year of Sustainable Energy for All – accessible to the poorest of the poor.
7 Billion people need clean energy to read – sustainable agriculture to eat – and opportunities and decent jobs to live a life of dignity and prosperity...





Details

Language: English

Year of Production: 2011

Length: 12 mins

Country: United Nations


Directors:

  • Muhamed Sacirbey (UNTV)

Producers:

  • Susan sacirbey (UNTV)