Social Responsibility Movies, Global Warming
Following the release of the State of the Ocean 2011 report yesterday, marine experts warned that acidification and over-fishing are leaving the oceans "in crisis as much as and, in fact, probably more than land."
The State of the Ocean report, which was launched by the International Programme on the State of the Ocean (IPSO) in London, highlighted that the world's oceans are at high risk of entering a phase of extinction of marine species unprecedented in human history.
United Nations (UN) Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) reported recently that three quarters of all fish stocks are in distress and nearing depletion and that the majority of straddling fish stocks, highly migratory species and other high seas fish stocks are either fully exploited or over-exploited.
About 95 percent of deep sea catch taken on the high seas comes from bottom trawl fishing which is considered the most destruction to marine life.
Speaking to reporters today (21 June) at the UN headquarters, Matthew Gianni from the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition said that high sea fishing has “a disproportionately high impact on biodiversity” and only makes up 0.3 percent of world fisheries production.
According to the State of the Ocean report, over-fishing is the easiest for governments to reverse but countering global warming means a shift from fossil fuels toward cleaner energy.
Sue Lieberman from the High Seas Alliance and Pew Environment Group commented on how people are more aware of environmental degradation and threats to biodiversity when they see a tropical rainforest destroyed.
“People have this philosophical sort of idea that oceans are endless if you stand at the shore and look out. It looks endless and it has always looked like that all our lives. So it’s going to be fine,” she said.
In reality, she added “oceans are in crisis” given that only one percent of oceans are protected compared 13 percent of the world’s land surface.
The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) calculated that investing (USD) 110 billion over the coming years in strengthened fisheries management including the establishment of marine protected areas and decommissioning and reduction of fleet capacity will allow the planet's fisheries to recover.
Such an investment, backed by policy measures, would result in an increase in catch levels from 80 million tonnes now to 90 million tonnes in 2050 despite an initial decline between now and 2020.
Taking Steps toward Marine and Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management: An Introductory Guide” states that closer partnerships between different marine users – such as fishing communities, the tourism industry and conservationists – can also help coastal communities become better prepared for natural disasters and the impacts of global warming, such ocean acidification and changes in sea levels.
The report explains in simple language how sharing knowledge and best practices across different sectors can make marine management more effective, and offers guidance using over 20 case studies and success stories, ranging from polar ecosystems in Antarctica to atolls in the Indian Ocean.
Year of Production: 2011
Length: 2 mins
Country: United Nations
- Muhamed Sacirbey UNTV
- Susan Sacirbey UNTV