Sudan Division: Path to Peace or War?

Web Series, Politics

Sudan Division: Path to Peace or War?

Sudan's almost certain division is all but a foregone conclusion. A debate on the pros and cons of secession was sponsored by UN related agencies. Frankly it is too late to save Sudan's unity now, and the true wisdom of secession is far to difficult to foresee even into the near term. Too bad the sides did not sit and speak like this more often before. The old rulers lost their country due to lost perspective clouded by arrogance. The pro-secession South Sudan forces are almost giddy in their rush out the door.

My prediction, it is too tough to predict. There will be real costs to all of Sudan's current citizens in the division of their state as well as dangers, potentially renewed rather than resolved ethnic and religious rivalries.

There is the thorny issue of the future, (including referendum), of the provinces between North and South. These oil rich regions are as much about resources and money, who gets the wealth, as they are about ethnicity and religion.

Will there be another bloodbath as populations are dislocated and there is a rush to grab the wealth?


Transcripts / Production notes / Scripts

(Arabic) Dr. Luka Biong, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement:
“If you were a southerner you would vote for secession. Even Abdalfadial Almath, Ali Abdaliftif, Garang and if they were alive they would vote for secession. I am quite convinced that the northern elite and others have contributed in paving the southerners to choose secession. But this is not the end because the process of change has started even in northern Sudan. I am quite convinced that the idea of new Sudan is alive and never dies. The change will be the foundation of government in both sides.”

(Arabic) Barkey Osman Saad, National Congress Party:
“The CPA (Comprehensive Peace Agreement) comes for the sake of peace and unity. Unity and peace are the same. The eternal target is to open a door for both northern and southerners in the south. If the politics works for the sake of both sides and just action of elite the meaning of secession to the both sides is the same.”

Opposing views on both unity and secession issues surrounding Southern Sudan’s milestone referendum were aired by different groups at a referendum debate sponsored by the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission (SSRC).

The discussions where led by key figures in the Sudan People Liberation Movement and the National Congress party, once foes in a two decade conflict which killed close to 2 million people and left 4 million others uprooted.

(Arabic) Dr. Luka Biong, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement:
“If you were a southerner you would vote for secession. Even Abdalfadial Almath, Ali Abdaliftif, Garang and if they were alive they would vote for secession. I am quite convinced that the northern elite and others have contributed in paving the southerners to choose secession. But this is not the end because the process of change has started even in northern Sudan. I am quite convinced that the idea of new Sudan is alive and never dies. The change will be the foundation of government in both sides.”

The first in a series of debates expected to take place in Sudan’s capital Khartoum and Juba in Southern Sudan, addressed various issues of concern for northern and southern participants post a historic January referendum where Southern Sudanese will vote from 9-15 to decide on unity or secession.

(Arabic) Barkey Osman Saad, National Congress Party:
“The CPA (Comprehensive Peace Agreement) comes for the sake of peace and unity. Unity and peace are the same. The eternal target is to open a door for both northern and southerners in the south. If the politics works for the sake of both sides and just action of elite the meaning of secession to the both sides is the same.”

The Wednesday debate held in Khartoum was a rare televised discussion of political discussion of options of unity and secession.

(Arabic) Abyaj Peter, Citizen:
“Yes, the option is very difficult and the time is too short. But we hope there is a good debate between all parties with good spirit and good thoughts to enable the Sudanese nation to choose between the two options.”

(Arabic) Shareef Mohammad Shareef, Citizen:
“The debate I have attended is merely a normal speech. The two parties have not discussed issues like post referendum issues, oil, nationality, borders and others.”

The 9 January referendum is part of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended over two decades of war between North and South Sudan. Southern Sudanese will get the opportunity to vote for the unity of the Sudan or for secession of the South.

Details

Language: Arabic

Year of Production: 2010

Length: 4 minutes

Country: United Nations

License

Creative Commons License

Sudan Division: Path to Peace or War? by DiplomaticallyIncorrect.org is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 License.


Directors:

  • Muhamed Sacirbey, UNTV

Producers:

  • Susan Sacirbey