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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the city of Islamabad. For other uses, see Islamabad (disambiguation).
اسلام آباد
Capital city
From top, left to right: Faisal Mosque, Serena Hotel, Prime Minister's Secretariat, Parliament House, Faisal Mosque, and Pakistan Monument
From top, left to right: Faisal Mosque, Serena Hotel, Prime Minister's Secretariat, Parliament House,Faisal Mosque, and Pakistan Monument
Islamabad is located in Pakistan
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 33°43′N 73°04′ECoordinates33°43′N 73°04′E
Country  Pakistan
Territory Islamabad Capital Territory
Founded 1960
 • Governing body Capital Development Authority(CDA)
 • Chief Commissioner Zulfiqar Haider
 • Chairman CDA Maroof Afzal
 • Deputy Commissioner Mujahid Sherdil
 • Capital city 906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)
 • Urban 906.00 km2 (349.81 sq mi)
Highest elevation 620 m (2,000 ft)
Lowest elevation 490 m (1,610 ft)
Population (2014 estimate)[2]
 • Capital city 1.9 million[1]
 • Urban 1,829,180
 • Metro 2.2 million
Demonym(s) Islamabadi,Islam-abads,Islamaabad,Islam-a'abadiya
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Postcode 44000
Area code(s) 051
HDI 0.892 Increase
HDI Category Very High

Islamabad (/ɪzˈlɑːməˌbɑːd/Urduاسلام آباد‎, IslāmābādUrdu pronunciation: [ɪsˌlɑːmɑˈbɑːd̪]) is the capital city of Pakistan located within the Islamabad Capital Territory. It has a population of 2 million[3] and together with its neighboring twin city of Rawalpindi, the greaterIslamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area is the third largest in Pakistan with a population of over 4.5 million inhabitants.[4]

Since its foundation, Islamabad has attracted people from all overPakistan, making it one of the most cosmopolitan and urbanized cities of Pakistan. As the national capital, Islamabad is the seat of theGovernment of Pakistan; the Presidential Palace (Aiwan-e-Sadr) is located here. Islamabad is also home to the Pakistan Monument, which is one of the two national monuments of Pakistan. Islamabad hosts a large number of foreign diplomats, politicians and government employees. The Capital Development Authority is responsible for managing the public works within the city.

Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the northeastern part of the country, within the Islamabad Capital Territory. The region has historically been a part of the crossroads of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with the Margalla Pass acting as the gateway between the two regions.[5] The city was built during the 1960s to replaceKarachi as Pakistan's capital. Islamabad is a well-organised international city divided into several different sectors and zones. It is regarded as the most developed city in Pakistan and is ranked as aGamma+ world city.[6]

The city is home to the Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia[7] and the fourth largest mosque in the world.[8][9] Islamabad has one of the highest literacy rates in Pakistan.[10] There are 16 recognized universities in Islamabad, including Air University (Pakistan Air Force)Quaid-i-Azam University and the National University of Sciences and Technology.[11] Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad is one of the world's largest universities by enrollment.

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