Punjab Historical Places

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This is an attempt to show the Unseen Places of Pakistan to all the Pakistanis as well as the whole world.


                         Minar-e-Pakistan (مینارِ پاکستان‎) is located in largest urban parks in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The tower was constructed on 1960 on the site where, on 23 March 1940, the All-India Muslim passed the Lahore Resolution, the first call for a separate homeland for the Muslims, in accordance with the two-nation theory. The tower reflects a blend of Mughal/Islamic and modern architecture.

                           The tower was designed and supervised by Nasreddin Murat-Khan. The structural design was performed by Nasreddin Murat-Khan, assisted by Engineer Abdur Rehman Khan Niazi, who was working as Structural Design Engineer for Illeri N. Murat-Khan & Associates. The foundation stone was laid on 23 March 1960. Construction took eight years, and was completed on 31 October 1968. The tower rises above a platform shaped like a five-pointed star. The terrace is three feet from ground level, the platform's height is about six feet, and the star platform is about 12 feet high. It is surrounded by two crescent-shaped pools, four feet deep and lined with green and red marble. The tower has a spring shaped hall spanned by arches. The rostrum facing Badshahi Mosque is a quadrant constructed with Mughal patterned tiles. The circular diameter of the tower is 320 feet. The petals, 30 feet high, look like a blooming flower. The total height of the structure is 203 feet from ground level. On the marble slabs of the central shaft are inscribed a brief history of the Pakistan Resolution in English, Urdu and Bengali, the 99 names of God and poetic verses from Allama Iqbal. The tower has 10 vertical covering slabs interlaced with flower petals and glazed cement domes, with a sightseeing platform and a central spiral staircase.Today, the minaret provides a panoramic view to visitors who can't climb up the stairs or access the top by means of an elevator. The parks around the monument include marble fountains and an artificial lake.  

   Lahore Fort (Shahi Qila):-   

                                                         The Lahore Fort known as the Shahi qila (شاہی قلعہ) situated in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The trapezoidal composition is spread over 20 hectares. Origins of the fort extend far into antiquity but the existing base structure was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar between 1556–1605. It was regularly upgraded by subsequent Mughal rulers and after the fall of the Mughal Empire it fell to Sikh and British rulers. It has two gates. One of the gates built by Aurangzeb is called Alamgiri gate that opens towards Badshahi mosque and another older gate built by Akbar is called Maseeti or Masjidi gate that opens towards Maseeti area. Currently Alamgiri Gate is used as the principal entrance while Maseeti Gate is permanently closed. The fort manifests the rich traditions of Mughal architecture. Some of the famous sites inside the fort include Sheesh Mahal, Alamgiri Gate, Naulakha Pavilion, and Moti Masjid. In 1981, the fort was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the Shalimar Gardens.

 Badshahi Mosque:-  

                              Badshahi Mosque(بادشاہی مسجد‎) is a Mughal era mosque in the city of Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. Officially known as the "Masjid Abul Zafar Muhy-ud-Din Mohammad Alamgir Badshah Ghazi" (مسجد ابول ظفر محی الدین محمد عالمگیر بادشاہ غازی) the mosque was built by the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, and built between 1671 and 1673. It was the largest mosque in the world at the time of completion and remains the second largest mosque in Pakistan. It is widely considered to be one of Lahore's most iconic landmarks, and is a major tourist attraction. The mosque is located adjacent to the Walled City of Lahore, Pakistan. The entrance to the mosque lies on the western side of the rectangular Hazuri Bagh and faces towards the famous Alamgiri Gate of the Lahore Fort, which is located on the eastern side of the Hazuri Bagh. The mosque is also located next to the Roshnai Gate, one of the thirteen original gates of Lahore. Near the entrance of the mosque lies the Tomb of famous poet of pakistan Muhammad Iqbal as the founder of the Pakistan Movement. Which led to the creation of Pakistan as a homeland for the Muslims.

 Shalimar Garden:-

                          The Shalimar Gardens (شالیمار باغ‎) is a Mughal garden complex located in Lahore, capital of the Pakistan province of Punjab.Construction of garden was completed in 1641. The Shalimar Garden are located near Baghbanpura. The gardens measure 658 meters north to south and 258 meters east to west. In 1981, Shalimar Gardens was included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The gardens have been laid out from south to north in three levels of terraces, which are elevated by 4–5 metres above one another. The respective names of the three terraces have been listed as follows:
The upper level or the third terrace named Farah Baksh meaning Bestower of Pleasure.
The middle level or the second terrace named Faiz Baksh meaning Bestower of Goodness.
The lower level terrace named Hayat Baksh meaning Bestower of Life.

From this basin, and from the canal, rise 410 fountains, which discharge into wide marble pools.

The upper level terrace has 105 fountains.
The middle level terrace has 152 fountains.
The lower level terrace has 153 fountains.

The gardens also included Sawan Bhadhun Pavilions, Naqar Khana and its buildings, Khwabgah, Hamman and the Aiwan buildings. There are many trees such like Almond, Apple Apricot, Cherry, Poplar, Peach, Plum, organges and Mango.

 Tomb of Jahangir:-

                         The  Tomb of Jahangir (مقبرہُ جہانگیر‎ہ) is a mausoleum  built for Jahangir, who ruled the Mughal Empire from 1605 to 1627. This beautiful tomb is located in  Shahdara Bagh on the bank of Ravi river, Lahore. The region was a "favourite spot" of  Jahangir and his wife  Nur Jahan, when they lived in this city. Emperor Jahangir died in 1627 and buried according to his last wish in Lahore. This garden known as Dilkusha Garden.  His son Shah Jahan built the beautiful tomb after 10 years of his father's death .

The tomb considered the most magnificent Mughal edifice after the Taj Mahal. Red sand stone and marble is extensively used with its facade adorned in fine-looking marble motifs and floral patterns. The ninety nine attributes of Allah are also engraved here. The tomb was also used as the residence of a Sikh army  officer and reparied the British governemtn in 1889-90. Recently, the tombe gardens are used to pay cricket and also serve a picnic spot for families visitinf from various places.


                            Katasraj Temple (کٹاس راج مندر‎) is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal district of Punjab in Pakistan. According to Hindu legend, existed of temple since the days of Mahābhārata and the Pandava brothers spent a substantial part of their life in this place and later Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple and established his hand.The Katas site lies seven temples, a gathering of seven old temple, remains of a Buddhist stupa, a couple of medieval sanctuaries, havelis and some as the newly built sanctuaries, scattered around a lake considered sacred by Hindus.The location of the Sath Ghara or Seven Temples is said to be the place where the Pandawas made their home during their 12 year exile. A Brahmanical story relates this site directly to Shiva, whose unconsolable grief at the death of his wife Sati led to a rain of tears which formed two pools of water, one at Pushkara near Ajmer and the other at Katas. Katasraj is the second biggest holy place in Punjab for Hindu pioneers after Jawala Mukhi. Katas Raj, a conglomeration of temples preserves at least 1500 years worth of history.

 Hiran Minar:-  

                Hiran Minar is 43 kms from Lahore and 9 kms from Sheikhupura. In 1606, when Mughal Emperor Jahangir’s pet deer died, he had a minaret built to commemorate it. The Hiran Minar (Deer Tower) is situated in the Pakistani city of Sheikhupura. One day, during a hunting session, Jahangir spotted a deer he wanted to kill, but mistakenly hit his favorite hunting deer, Mansraji, instead. Feeling guilty, the Emperor ordered the construction of the minaret. Almost thirty years later, the mausoleum was enriched with an adjoining, large water tank; in the middle of the tank lies a picturesque octagonal pavilion, connected to the mainland through an elevated walkway. The Hiran Minar is one of the best known and most beautiful of such sities. It used to be the favorite hunting spot of all Muslim rulers. As it stands today after the collapse of its canopy on the top, is 110 feet in height. There are 108 steps on a spiral staircase lead to the summit of the minaret where rest the remains of Mansraj. The top of minaret was provided an eye catching sight in the around areas.  In 1634, when Emperor Shahjahan stayed at his father’s favorite hunting site for three days, he ordered the construction of a baradari surrounded by a water tank. At the center of each side of tank, a brick ramp slopes down to the water, providing access for royal animals and wild game. Baradari is standing in the water tank as the whole structure was made water proof which stood so, for centuries. A unique feature of this particular complex is the antelope’s grave and the distinctive water collection system. At each corner of the tank are a small square building and a subsurface water collection system which supplied the tank. Hiran minar is a different construction from all of Mughal places and a unique one within its theme and concept.

 Ayubia National Park:-  

                                 Ayubia National Park (ایوبیہ نیشنل پارک) was established in 1984 and a protected area of 3,312 hectares located in Abbottabad. In 1998 it was expanded from its original size to 3,312 hectares. At an average elevation of 8000 feet above sea level, Ayubia National Park is located between Pakistan’s most popular hill stations, Murree and Nathiagali. Beauitful scences, pine forests, green mountain slopes, clear water streams and lots of wild flowers and colorful butterflies combine together to offer an enchanting panorama(Scene). Ayubia National Park, named after the second President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
Ayubia National Park is surrounded by seven major villages and four small towns of Thandiani, Nathiagali, Ayubia and Khanspur. The park has been developed as a resort complex from a combination of four mini resorts of Khaira Gali,Changla Gali, Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. There is a large number of hotels and restaurants around the park. There is also chairlift installed in the central place of Ayubia that takes amazing view of the forested hills. This chairlift was the first recreation facility of its kind in Pakistan and is still a major attraction for domestic tourists. The climate of the park is cold in the summers, but harsh in the winters.

Data Darbar:-

                   Data Darbar, located in the city of Lahore, Pakistan is one of the oldest Muslim shrines. It houses the remains of a Sufi saint, Abul Hassan Ali Hajvery (known as Daata Ganj Baksh, which means "the master who bestows treasures gifted (Ganj Baksh) by Allah Almighty"). He contributed his part to the spreading of Islam in Asia. It was originally built by the Ghaznavi king Sultan Zakiruddin Ibrahim in the late eleventh century, and has been expanded many times. For centuries his tomb was visited by Muslims and non-Muslims and people of all religions are welcomed in Data Darbar. On special occasions, the shrine is decorated with lights and dinner is distributed for hundreds of people and visitors. Sufi music play for hours. Muslim faithful recite the Qur'an, and pay tributes to Muhammad(S.A.W).

    Taxila Museum:-                                        

                 Taxila Museum is situated in Taxila which is tehsil of Rawalpindi. Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918, and concluded in 1928. Its foundation stone laid by Lord Chelmsford, Viceroy of India in 1918. Sir John Marshall Visitors from Pakistan and from all over the world people come to see the remains of old civilization, collections and displays.
4000 objects are displayed at museum including stone, stucco silver, gold, iron and semiprecious stones. About two dozen Buddhist stupas are displayed. These stupas are in same condition as they were discovered, however,  some of them are repaired. Three main religions are supposed to be in past, that are Buddhist, Hindu and Jain religions.
Taxila Museum has one of the most significant collections of stone Buddhist sculpture known as Gandhara art, the cradle of Buddhist Civilization, gave birth to the famous Gandhara art. Research conducted by foreigners and Pakistani scholars has showed that the purpose of this art was to propagate Buddhism through different images carved and made in stones, stucco, terracotta and bronze.
Museum has collection of stone Buddhist sculpture. These are all discovered from Taxila. Local people adopted Gandhara art as home industry and they made some of Buddhist stupas from stones, as Taxila is famous for its stone work.The main focus of the art was Buddha's life stories and individual images, his previous birth stories and future Buddhas.

 Noor Mahal:-

                       The Noor Mahal is a palace situated in Bahawalpur, Punjab. The foundation of Noor Mahal was laid in 1872. The construction of Noor Mahal was undertaken by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan, who was also known as the Shan Jahan of Bahawalpur for his passion of constructing beautiful buildings. Mr. Heennan, an Englishman who was designed the building. Most of the materials and furniture were imported from England and Italy. The construction of the palace was completed in 1875. Noor Palace covers an area of 44,600 square feet. It has 32 rooms including 14 in the basement, 6 verandas and 5 domes. There are many stories regarding its construction. Noor Mehal is one of the hidden place of Bahawalpur. There are a lot of old things present in it. It includes many Nawabs' used things. There are many old swords, old currency notes and coins, old laws that were made in that time, an old piano that Nawabs used to play, old furniture used by Nawabs etc. There is also a long wall in it that contains imaginary pictures of Nawabs. Only one picture is real, all others are imaginary.

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