State emblem of Pakistan

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The state emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 and symbolizes Pakistan's ideological foundation, the basis of its economy, its cultural heritage and its guiding principles.[2] The four components of the emblem are a crescent and star crest above a shield, which is surrounded by a wreath, below which is a scroll.[2] The crest and the green colour of the emblem are traditional symbols of Islam. The quartered shield in the centre shows cotton, wheat, tea and jute, which were the major crops of Pakistan at independence and signify the agricultural base of the economy.[2] The floral wreath, surrounding the shield, is the Jasminum officinale (the National flower) and represents the floral designs used in traditional Mughal art and emphasizes the cultural heritage of Pakistan.[2] The scroll supporting the shield contains Muhammad Ali Jinnah's motto in Urdu, which reads from right to left: (ایمان، اتحاد، نظم) "Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm" translated as "Faith, Unity, Discipline" and were intended as the guiding principles for Pakistan. The state/province emblem of AJK carries the crescent and star, mountains, and the maple leaf, which is reflective of the abundance of this tree within the state.

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